Legal professional Common Bonta Concerns Authorized Steerage for Legislation Enforcement Responding to Illegal Lockouts and Self-Assist Evictions | Point out of California – Office of Justice

OAKLAND – California Lawyer Common Rob Bonta today issued lawful assistance about steps regulation enforcement officers should choose to prevent and answer to unlawful lockouts and self-assist evictions. The California Department of Justice’s Housing Strike Force has obtained stories of landlords striving to “evict” tenants by modifying the locks on rental houses, shutting off water or electrical energy, or taking away tenants’ private residence. Less than California regulation, the only lawful way to evict a tenant is to file a case in court. In today’s steerage, Attorney Common Bonta emphasizes that, when called to solve a dispute between a landlord and tenant, regulation enforcement have a authorized obligation to intervene to avoid illegal evictions. 

“Nearly 1.5 million renters in California are at danger of eviction, battling to place together subsequent month’s lease as the charge of living proceeds to rise,” claimed Attorney Typical Bonta. “While landlords might be disappointed, they have a responsibility to go via correct proceedings if eviction is the required future step. Enable me be distinct: That implies submitting a circumstance in courtroom. You cannot adjust the locks, shut off electric power, or remove personalized home in purchase to drive a tenant out of their residence. These so-identified as self-aid evictions are unlawful. Comprehensive quit. And you may be held civilly or criminally liable. Today’s steerage underlines regulation enforcement’s critical job in responding to reports of illegal evictions and their duty to intervene to implement the regulation and stop self-aid evictions when they see them.”

The Tenant Defense Act prohibits landlords from evicting most tenants without the need of “just cause.” The law sets out two sorts of evictions: “at fault” evictions and “no fault” evictions. At fault evictions include things like, for instance, nonpayment of rent, criminal exercise on the premises, and refusal to allow lawful entry. No fault evictions contain, for case in point, proprietor transfer-in, significant transform that necessitates permits and will acquire far more than 30 days, and intent to demolish the unit. Landlords can only evict a tenant for 1 of the factors mentioned right here. The only lawful way to evict a tenant is to file lawsuit and hold out for the court to purchase the Sheriff or Marshal to carry out the eviction. Unlawful lockouts and self-assist evictions are serious offenses and can final result in important legal implications, which includes legislation enforcement motion or a private court scenario by the tenant.

In today’s bulletin, Attorney Common Bonta presents the pursuing direction for law enforcement named to a dispute among a landlord and tenant:

  • Law enforcement ought to under no circumstances assistance a landlord evict a tenant by force or threats.
  • Only the Sheriff or Marshal, or their deputies, may possibly evict a tenant, and only with a court docket buy.
  • Other peace officers really should not ask the tenant to leave their house.
  • Law enforcement ought to advise the landlord or other people involved that it is a misdemeanor to power tenants out of a rental house and really should instruct them to allow for the tenant back again into the residence.
  • Law enforcement need to advise the landlord to seek authorized guidance if they have an difficulty with the tenant or to lawfully evict the tenant.
  • Law enforcement must compose a report about the incident even if no arrest is built.

Lawyer Basic Bonta is committed to advancing housing obtain, affordability, and equity in California, together with protecting and selling tenants’ legal rights. In November, Attorney Common Bonta announced the development of the Housing Strike Force and introduced a Housing Portal on DOJ’s web-site with methods and info for California owners and tenants. Before long soon after, Attorney Common Bonta secured a $3.5 million judgment towards Wedgewood that solved allegations that the company was unlawfully evicting tenants from properties acquired at foreclosure income. Attorney Common Bonta also despatched warning letters to legislation firms throughout the point out that stand for landlords in eviction circumstances right after remaining notified that some companies and their consumers may possibly have violated the legislation.

The Housing Strike Force encourages Californians to send out issues or recommendations related to housing to [email protected]. To find a free lawful help legal professional in your area, visit

A copy of the bulletin can be identified below.